Federal Government Module 1-4 Exam

Federal Government Module 1-4 Exam

online class helpQ1. The framers of the Constitution created which of the following?

  • Representative democracy
  • Dictatorship
  • Monarchy
  • Direct democracy

Q2. Which of the following groups has the highest crime rate?

  • Legal immigrants
  • Native-born Americans
  • Undocumented immigrants
  • The crime rate for native-born Americans, undocumented immigrants, and legal immigrants is roughly the same.

Q3. From most numerous to least numerous, which of the following is the correct order of size for the various racial/ethnic groups that make up the U.S. population?

  • White, Latino, Asian, African American
  • White, African American, Latino, Asian
  • Latino, white, African American, Asian
  • White, Latino, African American, Asian

Q4. After World War II, which of the following nation’s was the world’s foremost authoritarian country?

  • Germany
  • Soviet Union
  • China
  • United States

Q5. Which of the following nations has the world’s largest economy?

  • Germany
  • Japan
  • China
  • United States

Q6. Which of the following countries tried to interfere with the 2016 presidential election?

  • Cuba
  • Russia
  • China
  • Iran

Q7. The poverty rate is relatively high for which of the following groups?

  • Families headed by women
  • Asians
  • The poverty rate is relatively high for all of the above groups.
  • Whites

Q8. Household income fell during the Great Recession. What has happened to household income since the end of the Great Recession?

  • Household income has stopped falling but has not increased since the end of the Great Recession.
  • Household income has increased to a level greater than before the Great Recession.
  • Household income is rising but has not yet returned to its pre-recession level.
  • Household income has continued to fall.

Q9. How does the population of the United States compare with that of other countries?

  • The United States is the third most populous nation after China and India.
  • The United States is the most populous nation in the world.
  • The United States is the second most populous nation in the world after China.
  • The United States is the fourth most populous nation in the world after China, India, and Russia.

Q10. How often is the census conducted?

  • Every 10 years
  • Whenever Congress thinks it is necessary
  • Every year
  • Every four years to coincide with presidential elections

Q11. Missouri lost a seat in the U.S. House following the 2010 Census. Which of the following statements about Missouri is consequently true?

  • Most people living in Missouri are white.
  • The nation as a whole is growing more rapidly than Missouri.
  • The death rate is higher in Missouri than in other states.
  • Missouri is one of the least populous states in the nation.

Q12. Which of the following statements is true about the baby-boom generation?

  • None of the above
  • The youngest members of the baby-boom generation retired just before 2000.
  • The baby-boom generation was born after World War II.
  • The baby-boom generation is smaller than preceding or succeeding generations.

Q13. Which of the following population groups is growing at a slower rate than other groups?

  • Whites
  • African Americans
  • Asians
  • Latinos

Q14. Which branches of government are considered political branches?

  • Executive and judicial
  • Legislative and judicial
  • Executive, legislative, and judicial
  • Legislative and executive

Q15. The framers of the U.S. Constitution expected which of the following branches of government to be the most powerful?

  • legislative branch
  • judicial branch
  • They thought all three branches would be equally powerful.
  • executive branch

Q16. Who or what has the ultimate authority to determine the precise meaning of a provision in the U.S. Constitution, such as the Commerce Clause or the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishments?

  • The attorney general issues formal opinions interpreting the Constitution.
  • The Supreme Court
  • Congress
  • The president

Q17. How do members of the federal courts get their jobs?

  • They are chosen by Congress
  • They are elected.
  • They are appointed by the president with Senate confirmation.
  • They are chosen by the Electoral College.

Q18. When the Bill of Rights was adopted, its provisions applied to which of the following?

  • private citizens
  • state governments
  • all of the above
  • the federal government

Q19. Why did the framers of the Constitution want separation of powers with checks and balances?

  • They wanted a political system modeled on the French system.
  • To provide for a more efficient government.
  • It was a mechanism for controlling the power of government officials.
  • They thought it would increase the power of the national government.

Q20. Do the provisions of the U.S. Bill of Rights apply to the states?

  • Yes. The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to require that the Bill of Rights apply to the states.
  • No. The Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution only applies to the national government. Each state has its own bill of rights.
  • Yes. The Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution has always applied to both the national government and the states.
  • For the most part, yes. Most of the provisions of the U.S. Bill of Rights apply to the states because of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as interpreted by the Supreme Court.

Q21. Which of the following statements is true of a republican democracy but not true for a monarchy?

  • Leaders are elected.
  • Power is held by a single person.
  • None of the above
  • Leaders inherit power.

Q22. The Constitution says that the president is commander in chief. The commander in chief power is an example of which of the following?

  • Concurrent powers
  • Reserved powers
  • Enumerated (delegated) powers
  • Implied powers

Q23. The Electoral College does not work the way the framers intended. In practice, the electors represent the interests of which of the following?

  • Congress
  • Political parties
  • States
  • Interest groups

Q24. Powers that are explicitly granted to the national government are known as which of the following?

  • Concurrent powers
  • Reserved powers
  • Enumerated powers (delegated powers)
  • Implied powers

Q25. According to the authors of the Declaration of Independence, what is the basis for the power of government?

  • Consent of the governed
  • The agreement of the states
  • The support of the well-born men of society who owned property.
  • God

Q26. Congress passes legislation to regulate interstate trucking companies. Under what provision of the Constitution does Congress derive the authority for its action?

  • Full Faith and Credit Clause
  • Commerce Clause
  • Tenth Amendment
  • Equal Protection Clause

Q27. Reserved powers are based on which of the following constitutional provisions?

  • Tenth Amendment
  • National Supremacy Clause
  • Necessary and Proper Clause
  • Due Process Clause

Q28. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the constitutional power of the U.S. Congress?

  • Congress can take any action as long as the members agree by a two-thirds vote. Otherwise, Congress must stick strictly to the delegated powers.
  • Congress can take only those actions that are specifically granted in the delegated powers.
  • Any action that Congress takes must be tied to one of the delegated powers.
  • Congress can take any action that is not prohibited by the Constitution.

Q29. Some state officials want more flexibility in implementing the Medicaid program with the goal of providing quality medical care less expensively. They believe that federal requirements are too rigid. What sort of reform are these officials proposing?

  • They want to change Medicaid from a categorical grant to a block grant.
  • They want to change Medicaid from a project grant to a formula grant.
  • They want to change Medicaid from a block grant to a categorical grant.
  • They want to change Medicaid from a formula grant to a project grant.

Q30. A community college has been awarded a $500,000 federal grant to improve its biological sciences course offerings. Under the terms of the grant, the college is required to provide at least $100,000 of its own money in support of the grant’s objectives. Which of the following terms best describes this condition?

  • Federal preemption
  • Matching funds requirement
  • Block grant
  • Formula grant

Q31. Federal law requires that states set their legal minimum drinking age at 21 or risk losing part of their federal highway grant money. This requirement is an example of which of the following?

  • Matching funds requirement
  • Federal mandate
  • Block grant
  • Federal preemption

Q32. Which of the following is an example of a concurrent power?

  • Power to coin money
  • Power to collect taxes
  • Power to declare war
  • Power to enter into treaties with other countries

Q33. The framers of the Constitution feared that a government with too much power would lead to which of the following?

  • An ineffective government
  • Constitutional gridlock
  • Tyranny
  • An inefficient government

Q34. Where in the Constitution is Congress empowered to ensure that states do not deprive their residents of the equal protection of the laws?

  • Fourteenth Amendment
  • First Amendment
  • Preamble
  • Article I

Q35. Powers that are shared among the levels of government are known by which of the following terms?

  • Delegated powers
  • Police powers
  • Reserved powers
  • Concurrent powers

Q36. Shortly after a local television station hired a new anchorman for its 10 p.m. newscast, the newspaper reported that his twitter feed included derogatory references to gay people. The station manager, wanting to avoid controversy, fired the new anchorman and apologized to the community for not doing a better job researching his background. Did the station manager violate the anchorman’s constitutional rights?

  • Yes. Federal law does not protect gay people from discrimination. The anchorman cannot be fired for making negative remarks about people who have no legal protection.
  • No. The First Amendment does not apply to private companies such as the television station.
  • No. Freedom of press allows the television station to take any personnel actions it likes without regard for federal employment laws.
  • Yes. The station manager violated the anchorman’s freedom of speech.

Q37. What is the relationship of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Bill of Rights?

  • The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to mean that selected elements of the Bill of Rights apply not just to the national government but to the state governments as well.
  • The Fourteenth Amendment explicitly declares that the civil liberties protections contained in the Bill of Rights restrict the power not just of the national government but the state governments as well.
  • The Fourteenth Amendment has no relationship to the Bill of Rights because it was added to the Constitution more than 50 years later.
  • The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to mean that the entire Bill of Rights applies not just to the national government but to the state governments as well.

Q38. Jason Rodriguez works as a waiter in a Houston restaurant. His boss overhears Jason telling a co-worker during a break period that he thinks that the president ought to be impeached. The boss, a big supporter of the president, fires Jason on the spot. Jason thinks the boss violated his freedom of speech. Would you expect that Jason would be able to get his job back on that basis?

  • Yes, because the First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech.
  • Yes. Because of the Fourteenth Amendment, the First Amendment applies to events that take place in the states.
  • Yes, because Jason is a Latino
  • No. The First Amendment applies to the actions of the government, not private employers.

Q39. The state requires that people remove caps and other headgear when they have their driver’s license photos made so that they can be clearly identified by law enforcement personnel. Some Muslim women believe that it violates their religion to be photographed with their full face and head visible. Can the state constitutionally force Muslim women to remove their scarfs and other head coverings for their driver’s license photographs?

  • Based on the Smith case, the state would be able to enforce this requirement on the Muslim women only if it could demonstrate a compelling government interest in having them remove their scarves before taking a picture.
  • No. This would violate the freedom of religion clause. The Constitution grants residents an absolute right to the free expression of religion. Because this is religious expression, the government cannot violate it.
  • No. The policy violates the Establishment of Religion Clause of the Constitution.
  • Based on the Smith case, the state would be able to enforce this requirement if it could demonstrate that the requirement has a valid state purpose and that it has only an incidental impact on religion. It seems likely that the state could meet that standard in this example.

Q40. Which of the following statements about the U.S. Bill of Rights is true?

  • The Bill of Rights prevents both the government and private parties (such as companies and individuals) from violating an individual’s right to free speech.
  • It protects individuals against discrimination on the basis of race, color, gender, national origin, or religion.
  • all of the above
  • It was not in the original Constitution.

Q41. What is the significance of selective incorporation?

  • It involves applying the Bill of Rights to the national government.
  • All of the above
  • It involved applying most of the Bill of Rights to state and local governments.
  • It involved applying the Bill of Rights to the actions of individuals.

Q42. The Constitution explicitly guarantees a right to privacy in which of the following amendments?

  • 1st Amendment
  • 7th Amendment
  • 5th Amendment
  • None of the above. The phrase “right to privacy” does not appear in the Constitution.

Q43. Which of the following constitutional provisions prevents Congress from recognizing one church as the nation’s official church?

  • Establishment clause
  • Due process clause
  • Commerce clause
  • Free exercise clause

Q44. The Miranda warning is designed to ensure that suspects are afforded which of the following rights?

  • Protection against cruel and unusual punishments
  • Guarantee of a speedy trial
  • Protection against self incrimination
  • Right to a fair trial

Q45. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes referred to the idea that government should not restrict the expression of ideas because the people are capable of accepting good ideas and rejecting bad ones. This concept is known by which of the following terms?

  • Compelling interest test
  • Clear and present danger
  • Ex post facto law
  • Marketplace of ideas

Q46. Match each statement with the Amendment to which it applies.

  • Protects against self-incriminatioin – 5th
  • Incudes right to counsel – 6th
  • Selective incorporation based on this amendment – 14th
  • This amendment includes both the free exercise and establishment clauses – 1st
  • This amendment granted voting rights to former slaves – 15th